‘etc.’

The Latin abbreviation ‘etc.’, unlike other Latin abbreviations used in English, is merely a written abbreviation, with the full expression – ‘et cetera’ – read when it is encountered. When ‘i.e.’ is encountered, it is read just as it is, as is ‘e.g.’, ‘op cit’, ‘ibid.’ etc.
keywords: Language Arts, Linguistics, spelling, translation

lorem ipsum

distinction: saving a life versus merely prolonging it.
e.g.: “The operation will not save her life, but merely prolong it.”
keywords: medicine, hospital, surgery