“A growing attention has been recently devoted to the impact of the underwater noise field generated by shipping activities on the marine fauna.”

Here is the link.


[model of the source levels radiated from vessels]

[a small number of macroparameters]

[modern commercial vessels]

[at-design conditions]

[off-design conditions]

[spectral parameterization]

[controllable pitch propeller]

[constant revolutions per minute]

[limits of the existing predictive models]

[parametric analysis of ship noise spectra]