# Merchant Cemetery Ball

A large ball-shaped stone sitting on a grave marker has been rotating since jump street.
The best explanation I’ve seen is that of uneven thawing of ice. That is, ice forms at the base, thereby lifting the ball slightly (due to the fact that water increases in volume upon freezing), and then melts unevenly, as the sun is on one side of the stone, thereby causing the stone to roll (ever so slightly). (BTW, There is a famous poem by Robert Frost titled ‘Fire and Ice’, which can be taken as an unintended ironic reference to the Merchant Cemetery Ball. The poem discusses the end of the world, whereas the stone ball marks the end of a life.life. There is also a poem by A. E. Housman referencing fire and ice, regarding the living.)
Here is the link to one of the sites discussing this phenomenon.

# The inverted cycloid

reference 1 (isochronous pendulum clocks)
reference 2 (Calculus lesson on the the tautochrone and brachistochrone)
Also, the inverted cycloid can give, at least qualitatively, the amount of relevance of something as a function of time, such as that of a cooking pot.

# Scalar motion

Definition: Scalar motion consists of making way without making headway.

# The cost of togetherness

The cost of togetherness is exp(x), where x is the distance from home. Since this is positive even for x = 0, only Brownian motion (whose social counterpart is homelessness) – which can be defined as needing to traverse an infinite distance to reach home – escapes this cost.

# The correct cosmology

The correct cosmology is given by Dewey B. Larson.

# Stylized facts

Here is the Wikipedia article on this topic.
A useful synonym might be ‘snap-fit fact’.
Stylizing facts is convenient, and even necessary, but drawing the line at too great a distance leads to cognitive breakdown, by ignoring corners and special cases that technical competence must take into consideration. For example, it is often tossed off as a ‘fact’ that the Earth experiences day and night due to its rotation. However, for the Earth to experience day and night it is neither necessary nor sufficient for the Earth to rotate.

# Cosmology: Dewey B. Larson

For those interested in cosmology, I recommend the works of Dewey B. Larson.