Wikipedia is missing an article on ‘numeric literal’. It has an article on ‘integer literal’, in which the term ‘numeric literal’ is used 3 times, but is lacking an article on ‘numeric literal’ itself. Also, neither Wiktionary nor Merriam-Webster has an entry for ‘numeric literal’.
Mankas al (la anglalingva) Wikipedia artikolo pri ‘numeric literal’. Ĝi havas artikolon pri ‘integer literal’, en kiu la termino ‘numeric literal’ estas uzita 3 fojojn, sed mankas al ĝi artikolo pri ‘numeric literal’ mem. Cetere, nek Wiktionary nek Merriam-Webster havas eron por ‘numeric literal’.
Vikipedio eraro: Sub “Meksika kuirarto” la ligilo por la plado “Tamale” estas erara.
Al la senpaga reta versio de la vortaro de Merriam-Webster mankas la vorto ‘antisymmetry’, tre grava vorto en la matematiko kaj scienco.
“There’s a difference between writing poetically and writing poetry.”
— Thomas Lux
These words (one without an ‘e’, and one with) are pronounced the same. The first has a narrow, fixed, meaning, but the second, although frequently used as a synonym for the first, also has a wider meaning. The first was invented by Joseph Epstein, and his remarks that we refer to here are from an article of his in THE WEEKLY STANDARD, which you can see here.
Let’s take these two terms one by one.
1. The term ‘virtucrat’ (without the ‘e’) was invented by Joseph Epstein, who defined virtucrats as being “those people whose politics lend them the fine sense of elation that only false virtue makes possible”. However, I think a better definition can be obtained from Wiktionary (which uses the ‘e’ spelling). It’s definition is: “A political figure who preaches his or her own morals as a cultural imperative.” Now, Epstein did not restrict his definition to political figures, so all we have to do to get the more succinct definition is to replace ‘A political figure’ by ‘One’: “One who preaches his or her own morals as a cultural imperative.”
2. Paraphrasing Epstein, we get the following definition of the second term: “those people who stress the need for virtue in the conduct of public and private life”.
As everyone knows some contradictions are merely surface contradictions (like ‘jumbo shrimp’) and can be ignored (or joked about), and intermittent contradictions can often be shrugged off as ‘the exception that proves the rule’, or even ‘collateral damage’. Yet other contradictions arise from the failure to distinguish between meta-level and object-level. For example, “We’re not expecting any emergencies.” is not the oxymoron it might seem.
Three more takes on contradictions are worth highlighting:
“Do I contradict myself? Very well, then I contradict myself, I am large, I contain multitudes.”
— Walt Whitman
“contradictions, inherent in ideological theories, are never a serious embarrassment to them. For ideologies are not aimed at deepening cognition, but at determining the will.”
— Hans Kelsen (p. 286 of ‘Pure Theory of Law’)
“Men do not differ much about what things they will call evils; they differ enormously about what evils they will call excusable.”
— G. K. Chesterton